Logically, we are all compelled to make decisions regularly in every dimension of life. Whilst, some decisions require a great deal of thought, some are less daunting owing to their less potential impacts if forecasted. However, whichever the case, it’s important that you learn to sharpen your decision-making techniques so you escalate your cognitive capacity to a whole new level.
The types of rational decision making are two-pronged; intuitive and rational decision making. You should, therefore, weigh the options to figure out which one offers very much in the way of proficiency depending on the situation at hand.
Intuitive Decision Making
To start off, intuitive decision making refers to the decision-making technique that relies on instincts and emotions rather than facts. Moreover, in matters intuitive decision making, you don’t necessarily have to delve into profound reasoning to come up with findings. It’s, therefore, situational-based, requiring less effort.
- Intuitive decision making is the easier option, enabling you to evade the rigors of searching for verifiable facts.
- It’s ideal for relationships as they require a better part of intuitive decision making. However, this only works when you’re emotionally stable.
- It’s fast enough since no research is required.
- Has a high likelihood of being misguided as it’s devoid of material facts
- The decision maker doesn’t sufficiently explore all alternatives
- Individuals are vulnerable to unrelated emotions while making decisions.
Rational Decision Making
When it comes to Rational Decision Making, you’ll have to gather facts, analysis and work in alignment with the laid-out heuristics in the decision making process. In most cases, it’s applied in business contexts owing to its detailed and analytical nature that’s verifiable at every stage. It’s, therefore, more persuasive than intuition.
Rational Model Criteria
The rational decision-making model is ideal for organizational contexts owing to the fact that its act based. To successfully use it, you must follow its six steps.
- Defining the Problem
First, you’ll have to identify the problem at hand before establishing the best way to go about it. This is usually a collective viewpoint in organizations.
2.Identification of the Decision Criteria
This step requires that you choose the appropriate variables that will lead you to decision making. You, therefore, need to gather on-point information that suits your values and values.
3.Allocation of Weights to the Criteria
At this step, you should determine which variable is more vital, then distribute the remaining variables equally to effective navigate your way in decision making.
At this stage, you should come up with the potential solutions that will be pivotal in decision making.
5.Evaluating the Alternatives
At this step, you must evaluate the alternatives you initially developed to find out which ones are appropriate.
6.Choose the best Alternatives
This is the final step that calls for in-depth analysis so you settle for the best alternatives to make the final decision.
Pros of Rational Decision Making
- Rational decision making hugely cuts down on the possibilities of errors as its scientifically obtained with verifiable data, thereby increase the likelihood of making high-quality decisions.
- It’s consistent and logical following the step by step process
- It’s suitable for addressing complexities since it provides a step by step breakdown process.
- Since rational decision making requires meticulous deliberation, its very time consuming, therefore, unsuitable for quick decisions.
- Finally, it limits decision making to the available data, preventing exhaustive determination of all possible edges.
UN condemns ‘heinous murder’ of humanitarian staff from Unicef partner and calls on ‘all those in a position of power’ in South Sudan to end the violence.
Six aid workers and their driver have been killed in South Sudan in the worst single attack on humanitarian staff in the country’s three-year civil war.
The aid workers, from a Unicef partner, Grassroots Empowerment and Development Organisation (Gredo), which works to support children released from armed groups, were in a vehicle marked as belonging to an NGO when they were attacked on Saturday. Four of the dead were South Sudanese and three were Kenyans.
They were killed as they drove from the capital, Juba, to the town of Pibor, according to the UN. The territory, which is remote and under government control, is beset with militia and armed groups. The UN called the attack a “heinous murder of six courageous humanitarians”.
The South Sudanese government said it was too early to say who was to blame for the ambush. Akol Paul Kordit, the deputy minister of information, told Reuters in Juba: “It will be counterproductive at this stage for anybody to rush for judgment without first allowing the truth to be established.”
Rebel fighters loyal to the former vice-president, Riek Machar, said the government should be held accountable as the killings happened on its territory.
“We don’t have forces in that area. Instead, it’s the government forces and militias who control that area,” said the spokesman for the rebel SPLM-IO forces, Lam Paul Gabriel.
The UN called on “all those in a position of power” in South Sudan to stop the violence and Unicef urged the authorities to investigate and hold the perpetrators to account.
“Unicef is deeply shocked by the senseless killing of staff belonging to our partner organisation, the Grassroots Empowerment and Development Organisation,” a Unicef spokesman said in a statement on Monday.
“The humanitarian workers were travelling in a car that was clearly marked as belonging to a non-governmental organisation, including NGO number plates. We are appalled that humanitarians working to improve the lives of the vulnerable in South Sudan were so brutally targeted and call on the authorities to find and hold accountable those responsible.”
Gredo works in South Sudan on community-based reintegration programmes, including supporting children released from armed forces.
Eugene Owusu, the UN’s humanitarian chief in South Sudan, said: “These attacks against aid workers and aid assets are utterly reprehensible. They not only put the lives of aid workers at risk, they also threaten the lives of thousands of South Sudanese who rely on our assistance for their survival.”
At least 79 aid workers have been killed in the country since December 2013. The latest killings come after two other attacks, one fatal, on aid workers this month. A humanitarian convoy was attacked in Yirol East on 14 March, while responding to a cholera outbreak in the area, resulting in the death of a health worker and a patient. On 10 March, local staff of an international aid organisation were detained by armed rebels in Meyendit town for four days before being released.
UN leaders have condemned President Kiir and rebel leaders for squandering a peace deal in a country that has collapsed into a brutal ethnic war, involving massacres, starvation and rape.
Famine has been declared in parts of the country.
The war began as a dispute between President Kiir, who is Dinka, and former vice-president Machar, who is Nuer.
Since the launch of the African Women’s Decade 2010-2020 in October 2011, to implement steps to empower women tangible progress had been made.
The 2016 report of the African Human Development Index, HDI, ranked Kenya 18 in Africa and 145 globally in advancing gender equality.
In Kenya, gender inequality has been narrowed at the legislature where women make 25 per cent of Parliamentarians, up from 9.9 per cent in 2007.
At the Cabinet level, women hold 25.5 per cent of the positions while 37 per cent hold high-level positions in judiciary, 34 per cent Principal Secretary Positions.
In the Kenya public primary schools, the number of girls who sat for Kenya Certificate of Primary Examinations (KCPE) increased from 437,228 in the year 2014 to 459,885 in the year 2015, an increase of 22,657 girls, representing 5.18 percent, while the boys increased from 443,258 in the year 2014 to 467,904 in 2015, an increase of 24,646 boys, representing 5.56 percent.
However, at the county level there were records of gender disparity.
“The 2015 KCPE results show five counties recorded notable gender gaps. Mandera, Garissa, Turkana, Wajir and Samburu, had more boys than girls by 34, 32, 30, 28 and 22 percentage points, respectively,” as reported by Daily Nation.
According to Daily Nation’s Newsplex, “In 2015 girls made up 28 per cent and boys 72 per cent of KCSE candidates in Wajir, the county that recorded the widest gender gap.”
Persistence of severe drought is likely to push the number of hungry Kenyans beyond the 1.3 million already considered “food insecure,” a United Nations agency has warned.
“Based on the latest predictions, the impacts of the current drought in the southern part of the country will lessen by mid-2017, but counties in the north — in particular Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir and Mandera — will steadily get worse,” the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organisation said.
“Production prospects for the current crops are highly unfavourable and households are expected to enter the next lean season much earlier than usual,” FAO added in an alert covering parts of Kenya and other East African countries.
In Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia, a total of nearly 12 million people are currently in need of emergency food assistance, FAO calculated.
5 MILLION SOMALIS
It included five million Somalis in that number, along with 5.6 million Ethiopians.
- WFP, devolved unit to begin distributing food in Samburu
- Samburu rejects 8,000 bags of maize
- State to release Sh2.5bn to fight drought
Eastern Tanzania and southeastern Ugandan are also experiencing crop failures due to rainfall amounts far below average this year, the agency noted.
“Production prospects for the current crops are highly unfavourable and households are expected to enter the next lean season much earlier than usual,” FAO said in regard to the affected regions of East Africa.
Terms of trade are becoming increasingly poor for livestock keepers in northern Kenya due to the weakened condition of their sheep, goats and cows, which are bringing lower market prices, the UN agency said.
FAO is helping local officials improve management of livestock markets, in addition to providing feed, water and veterinary support in drought-afflicted pastoral areas of Kenya, the agency reports.